As in chess, there are many different opening strategies in TerraMartis4x. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages.
In TerraMartis4x, each faction begins with different set of research and is therefore either specialized in production, resources, research, ship technology or military organization.
In the first 50 turns you choose what is important to your strategy, colonization of new worlds, research new technologies, specialize your planets, production or resource mining.
You can either focus on just one or two, or any mix you like. How you optimize your strategy with which your faction rules the universe is up to you.